Wetlands In Michigan




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Imagine exploring the vast and diverse wetlands of Michigan, surrounded by the enchanting beauty of nature. With the “Wetlands In Michigan” guide, you can embark on an incredible adventure through the state’s hidden gems. This detailed guide provides essential information on all the wetlands in Michigan, allowing you to fully immerse yourself in their unique ecosystems. Whether you’re a nature enthusiast or simply looking to discover something new, this guide is your ultimate companion in uncovering the wonders of Michigan’s wetlands.

List of Wetlands in Michigan

Wetland NameLocation (Town/City or Region)Wetland Type
Seney National Wildlife RefugeSeneyBogs, marshes, and swamps
Pointe Mouillee State Game AreaRockwoodCoastal wetland, marshes
Shiawassee National Wildlife RefugeSaginawFloodplain wetlands, marshes
Detroit River International Wildlife RefugeDetroit areaCoastal marshes
Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State ParkOntonagonBogs and swamps
Isle Royale National ParkLake SuperiorMarshes, bogs
Tahquamenon Falls State ParkParadiseBogs and swamps
Wetzel State Recreation AreaNew HavenWetland complex
Waterloo Recreation AreaChelseaBogs, marshes
Pigeon River Country State Forest AreaVanderbiltWetlands, marshes
Minden City State Game AreaMinden CityMarshes, wetlands
St. Clair Flats State Wildlife AreaAlgonacCoastal marshes
Besser Natural AreaPresque IsleCoastal wetlands
Kirtland’s Warbler Wildlife Management AreaGraylingJack pine barren, wetlands
Maple River State Game AreaSt. JohnsMarshes, wetlands
Fisherman’s Island State ParkCharlevoixCoastal wetlands, marshes
Negwegon State ParkBlack RiverCoastal wetlands
Pictured Rocks National LakeshoreMunisingMarshes, wetlands
Ludington State ParkLudingtonMarshes, dunes
Muskegon State Game AreaMuskegonWetlands, marshes
Allegan State Game AreaAlleganWetlands, marshes, swamps
Phyllis Haehnle Memorial SanctuaryJacksonMarshes, wetlands
R.A. Chisholm Post 46 Family Nature PreserveAlpenaCoastal wetlands
Sylvania Wilderness AreaWatersmeetFreshwater lakes, wetlands
Roscommon State Forest AreaRoscommonBogs, wetlands

Location of Wetlands

Upper Peninsula

Michigan’s Upper Peninsula is home to numerous wetlands. The region’s abundance of lakes, rivers, and streams provides ample opportunities for wetlands to form. Wetlands in the Upper Peninsula play a crucial role in supporting a diverse range of plant and animal species, as well as providing important ecosystem services.

Northern Lower Peninsula

The northern region of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula also boasts a significant number of wetlands. These wetlands are often associated with the Great Lakes shoreline and inland lakes. The combination of water sources and diverse habitats in this region supports a wide range of wetland-dependent species, including migratory birds and amphibians.

Southern Lower Peninsula

While wetlands are less prevalent in the southern region of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula due to higher levels of urbanization and agricultural activities, there are still important wetland areas present. These wetlands are often smaller in size but are essential for wildlife habitat, water filtration, and flood control.

Size and Coverage

Extent of wetlands in Michigan

Michigan is known for its vast wetland resources, with an estimated 10 million acres of wetlands covering the state. These wetlands come in various forms, including marshes, swamps, bogs, and fens. The extent of wetlands in Michigan highlights the state’s ecological diversity and the importance of protecting these valuable ecosystems.

Total wetland acreage

While it is challenging to determine the exact acreage of wetlands in Michigan, estimates suggest that wetlands cover approximately 41% of the state’s land area. This extensive coverage underscores the significance of wetlands in Michigan’s landscape and the critical role they play in supporting wildlife, filtering water, and regulating hydrological processes.

Famous Wetlands in Michigan

Pointe Mouillee State Game Area

Pointe Mouillee State Game Area, located on the western shore of Lake Erie, is one of the largest freshwater marsh restoration projects in North America. This renowned wetland area is internationally recognized as a premier bird-watching destination, attracting thousands of waterfowl and shorebirds during migration seasons. Pointe Mouillee offers exceptional wildlife viewing opportunities and serves as an important stopover for many bird species.

Seney National Wildlife Refuge

Seney National Wildlife Refuge, located in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, encompasses diverse wetland habitats, including marshes, bogs, and fens. It is home to an impressive array of wildlife, including over 200 bird species and numerous mammals, such as black bears and river otters. The refuge provides excellent opportunities for wildlife observation, photography, and nature walks.

Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge

Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge, located in Saginaw County in the Lower Peninsula, is a 9,600-acre wetland complex offering outstanding wildlife viewing and recreational opportunities. Its diverse habitats, including marshes, ponds, and forested areas, support a wide range of bird species, including bald eagles, sandhill cranes, and waterfowl. Visitors can explore the refuge’s trails, participate in guided tours, and learn about wetland conservation efforts.

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